NEW FORCES IN THE WORLD'S LIFE 81 work to change the whole face of the earth and dehumanize and depersonalize man is not capital- ism as an economic system, but technics, the wonder of our age. Man has become a slave to his own marvellous invention, the machine. We may well call our epoch the epoch of tedbutiics. Technics is man's latest- and greatest love. At a time when he has ceased to believe in miracles, man still believes in the miracle of technics. Dehumanization is, first of all, the mechanization of human life, turning man into a machine. The power of the machine shatters the integrity of the human image. Economic life is seen to be completely separated from spiritual life, which is pushed further and further into the background and is no longer permitted to direct life in general. The machine was intended to liberate man from slavery to nature, to lighten his burden of labour, but instead of that it has enslaved man anew and cursed him with unemployment. This proves that the whole of our social organism is afflicted with a terrible spiritual and moral disease, a truly bestial attitude of man to man. It is not enough to consider techicized capitalism as merely an economic category : it is a moral category as well, and directly related to man's attitude toward his fellows. As I pointed out in my pamphlet, Man and the Machine., tech- nics have cosmic as well as social significance.